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No 7
Vol. 7 No. 8
2019
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The purpose of this paper is to study a sample of urban forgotten groups (autistic children) and creative space (Autism Park) that has been created for this group of children. The research method based on the aims of the paper, is applied, and due to the nature of the research is qualitative. For data collection, interviewing, viewing and photographic methods have been used, which are all part of qualitative methods. The study area, the Angels (Fereshtegan) Park (Autism Park for children) in Tabriz, is the first Autistic Park in the country and the second largest park in the Middle East. According to the results of this study, the design of autism park is somewhat based on the conditions and characteristics of autistic children. According to the conditions of these children, the most important creations in the park, are the construction of a water playground, the use of cartoon images for the development of children's communication skills, the creation of a playground, the design of tunnels and tunnel equipment, for the passage of children from that, construction of the park completely flat, creation of an art pavilion (under construction) due to the interest autistic children in paint and painting, the creation of various animal cages and the placement of different animals inside them and the use of pink and turquoise colors according to the interest of children in these colors. Of course, in addition to the watery and sandy playground, other playgrounds are inside the park, which have been named as traditional playgrounds, because these playgrounds are merely fun activities and do not lead to special creativity.
yousef ashrafi - talla rashidi
Keywords : Creative Public Space ، People with Disability (PWDs) ، Playground ، Park for Autism
Prostitution or the phenomenon of street women is one of the most important social problems that the most important consequence is the epidemic of sexually transmitted diseases and the disintegration of the families of men. Statistics show in recent years, Iran has faced increasing prostitution and a decline in the age of prostitutes.The purpose of the present study is identifying the causes, processes, and conditions that lead to the emergence of the phenomenon of prostitution. The present study used grounded theory method. The sample consists of 12 prostitute women who are covered by the Welfare Organization of Mashhad. This research was conducted in the year 93. The results indicate that the inappropriate conditions of the paternal family and the marital life of these women are cause many financial, emotional and sexual problems. Generally, results show that emotional, financial and sexual problems are the first priorities in the tendency both of single and married women groups to prostitution.
- majid fouladiyan
Keywords : Street women ، prostitution ، social harm ، qualitative method ، grounded theory
The present study was designed to measure the satisfaction of the Mehr Housing Project in Gorgan in terms of social sustainability. The research method is descriptive-analytic. The method of data collection according to the nature of the present study is library and field studies. The population of this study is residents of residential complexes of Mehr housing, 140 people were selected randomly as a statistical sample. The results of this study, based on the analysis of social sustainability indicators, indicate that the unstable conditions in the city of Gorgan have been affected. The results show that the lowest level of sustainability in the city's seals is regarding security, identity, sense of belonging, and cultural spaces, and the most satisfaction is from the indicators of relative population density, literacy rate and percentage of people with university education. Therefore, in policy making to stabilize social dimensions, it is necessary to pay attention to factors that increase the quality of life in these complexes.
sadegh barzegar - alireza ghorbani
Keywords : Mehr housing ، satisfaction ، social sustainability ، Mehr housing in Gorgan
The fast current of urbanization in recent decades in Iran has resulted in marginalization and this growing phenomenon caused several social, economical, cultural, environmental and security problems in many metropolises in Iran. Nowadays, there is a close and unbreakable bond between social harms and committing crimes. Indeed this is believed that margins of big cities are considered potentially a suitable place for crimes and wrongdoings. Hence, the condition of social harms and crimes, as well as their simplifying factors is worth studying. Therefore, in this paper after defining the margin, marginalization, and some of its features as well as reviewing some social and ecological theories, firstly, some suburban areas in Mashhad and their demographic and social features will be studied, and then some statistical findings of the current situation, which is the result of social harms and crimes will be offered. It is worth mentioning that these findings are gathered via empirical data and represent the concentration of such harms in mentioned areas. In next step, it is tried to show that certain variables that are effective in committing crimes and social harms can be observed in Mashhad suburbs. These findings show that there is a mutual and significant relationship between social harms and marginalization and each of them lead to the other one. Poverty, partial deprivation and low level of the life quality in such areas increase the crimes and social harms and it is mutually increases by itself. Also, the concentration of crimes in such areas attract other criminals as well and it deteriorates the condition.
majid fouladian - hassan rezaei
Keywords : Marginalization ، Social Harms ، Partial Deprivation ، Poverty ، High Crime Area
Today, people are accustomed to overeating So today, this practice is one of the most important concerns of the health system of the country. This study aimed to determine the social and cultural factors affecting self-medication and self-per capita consumption of Shahrekord drug. The research method was survey and the sample of this study was 381 households in Shahrekord. Samples random randomly collected through a questionnaire with reliability 9.0. A questionnaire of 95 items in two demographic characteristics (demographic characteristics) and the main questions (based on the objectives and hypotheses) was in the form of LikertTo the analysis of descriptive and inferential statistics (t-test, Pearson test, regression coefficient) in SPSS software version 19 at a significance level (0.03> p) was usedThe results showed that there is a positive correlation between cultural beliefs and the weakness of medical laws. The results of regression analysis also showed that among the significant variables, cultural beliefs with a beta coefficient of 0.810, the weakness of medical laws with a beta coefficient of 0.178 had the most effect on the arbitrary use of the drug, respectively. On the other hand, due to the increasing self-medication phenomenon in societies and the role of social and cultural factors in choosing and taking medications for individuals to have a long life and a relatively healthy life, It is necessary to identify the factors influencing behavior change in order to achieve health behavior
ZEINAB PEYKAR
Keywords : Self-treatment ، Drug ، Arbitrary Consumption ، Social and Cultural Component

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